Document




UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2017
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     .
Commission file number 1-8729
 
 
 
UNISYS CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
 
 
Delaware
 
38-0387840
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
801 Lakeview Drive, Suite 100
Blue Bell, Pennsylvania
 
19422
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (215) 986-4011 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES  ý    NO  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES  ý    NO  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Large accelerated filer
 
¨
  
Accelerated filer
 
ý
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
¨
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
 
¨

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES  ¨    NO  ý
Number of shares of Common Stock outstanding as of September 30, 2017: 50,473,301.






UNISYS CORPORATION
TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Page Number
Item 1.
Financial Statements (Unaudited)
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Income
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
 
 
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
 
Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
 
Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk
 
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
 
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
 
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
 
Item 6.
Exhibits
 
 
 
 
 
Exhibit Index
 
Signatures
 






Part I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
UNISYS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (Unaudited)
(Millions, except per share data)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Services
 
$
575.5

 
$
600.9

 
$
1,735.6

 
$
1,809.8

Technology
 
90.8

 
82.4

 
261.4

 
289.2

 
 
666.3

 
683.3

 
1,997.0

 
2,099.0

Costs and expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Services
 
539.7

 
531.3

 
1,570.9

 
1,594.1

Technology
 
40.5

 
30.4

 
117.3

 
106.5

 
 
580.2

 
561.7

 
1,688.2

 
1,700.6

Selling, general and administrative
 
102.3

 
120.0

 
325.6

 
345.8

Research and development
 
10.8

 
11.4

 
37.7

 
40.5

 
 
693.3

 
693.1

 
2,051.5

 
2,086.9

Operating profit (loss)
 
(27.0
)
 
(9.8
)
 
(54.5
)
 
12.1

Interest expense
 
16.4

 
7.7

 
36.4

 
19.9

Other income (expense), net
 
3.0

 
2.3

 
(8.6
)
 
3.7

Loss before income taxes
 
(40.4
)
 
(15.2
)
 
(99.5
)
 
(4.1
)
Provision for income taxes
 
12.5

 
9.9

 
21.6

 
34.2

Consolidated net loss
 
(52.9
)
 
(25.1
)
 
(121.1
)
 
(38.3
)
Net income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(11.8
)
 
3.1

 
(5.3
)
 
8.2

Net loss attributable to Unisys Corporation
 
$
(41.1
)
 
$
(28.2
)
 
$
(115.8
)
 
$
(46.5
)
Loss per share attributable to Unisys Corporation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(0.81
)
 
$
(0.56
)
 
$
(2.30
)
 
$
(0.93
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.81
)
 
$
(0.56
)
 
$
(2.30
)
 
$
(0.93
)
See notes to consolidated financial statements

2




UNISYS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)
(Millions)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Consolidated net loss
 
$
(52.9
)
 
$
(25.1
)
 
$
(121.1
)
 
$
(38.3
)
Other comprehensive income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation
 
25.5

 
(15.7
)
 
99.3

 
(54.1
)
Postretirement adjustments, net of tax of $(3.9) and $(12.0) in 2017 and $4.0 and $18.6 in 2016
 
5.2

 
54.0

 
17.2

 
200.9

Total other comprehensive income
 
30.7

 
38.3

 
116.5

 
146.8

Comprehensive income (loss)
 
(22.2
)
 
13.2

 
(4.6
)
 
108.5

Less comprehensive income (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests
 
(12.2
)
 
2.4

 
(5.3
)
 
6.7

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Unisys Corporation
 
$
(10.0
)
 
$
10.8

 
$
0.7

 
$
101.8

See notes to consolidated financial statements

3




UNISYS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)
(Millions)
 
September 30,
2017
 
December 31, 2016
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
598.7

 
$
370.6

Accounts and notes receivable, net
511.8

 
505.8

Inventories:
 
 
 
Parts and finished equipment
17.7

 
14.0

Work in process and materials
15.1

 
15.0

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
118.8

 
121.9

Total current assets
1,262.1

 
1,027.3

Properties
915.4

 
886.6

Less-Accumulated depreciation and amortization
766.7

 
741.3

Properties, net
148.7

 
145.3

Outsourcing assets, net
190.6

 
172.5

Marketable software, net
136.4

 
137.0

Prepaid postretirement assets
47.9

 
33.3

Deferred income taxes
150.8

 
146.1

Goodwill
181.2

 
178.6

Restricted cash
21.3

 
30.5
*
Other long-term assets
157.9

 
151.0
*
Total assets
$
2,296.9

 
$
2,021.6

Liabilities and deficit
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term-debt
11.3

 
106.0

Accounts payable
195.5

 
189.0

Deferred revenue
326.9

 
337.4

Other accrued liabilities
387.8

 
349.2

Total current liabilities
921.5

 
981.6

Long-term debt
631.5

 
194.0

Long-term postretirement liabilities
2,195.2

 
2,292.6

Long-term deferred revenue
108.3

 
117.6

Other long-term liabilities
90.3

 
83.2

Commitments and contingencies

 

Deficit:
 
 
 
Common stock, shares issued:
 
 
 
2017; 53.4, 2016; 52.8
0.5

 
0.5

Accumulated deficit
(2,013.6
)
 
(1,893.4
)
Treasury stock, shares at cost:
 
 
 
2017; 2.9, 2016; 2.7
(102.7
)
 
(100.5
)
Paid-in capital
4,523.9

 
4,515.2

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(4,036.3
)
 
(4,152.8
)
Total Unisys stockholders’ deficit
(1,628.2
)
 
(1,631.0
)
Noncontrolling interests
(21.7
)
 
(16.4
)
Total deficit
(1,649.9
)
 
(1,647.4
)
Total liabilities and deficit
$
2,296.9

 
$
2,021.6

See notes to consolidated financial statements
* Amounts were changed to conform to the current-year presentation. See Note 11.

4




UNISYS CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
(Millions)
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
Consolidated net loss
 
$
(121.1
)
 
$
(38.3
)
Adjustments to reconcile consolidated net loss to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency transaction (gains) losses
 
(0.5
)
 
0.4

Non-cash interest expense
 
6.9

 
4.9

Loss on debt extinguishment
 
1.5

 

Employee stock compensation
 
8.6

 
7.7

Depreciation and amortization of properties
 
29.6

 
28.6

Depreciation and amortization of outsourcing assets
 
39.3

 
39.7

Amortization of marketable software
 
47.1

 
48.0

Other non-cash operating activities
 
3.3

 
1.4

Loss on disposal of capital assets
 
4.5

 
2.0

Pension contributions
 
(110.8
)
 
(104.0
)
Pension expense
 
69.4

 
63.0

Decrease (increase) in deferred income taxes, net
 
2.3

 
(2.7
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Receivables, net
 
3.1

 
59.9

Inventories
 
(2.6
)
 
5.5

Accounts payable and other accrued liabilities
 
(15.3
)
 
(44.9
)*
Other liabilities
 
(21.8
)
 
10.5

Other assets
 
20.2

 
21.3
*
Net cash (used for) provided by operating activities
 
(36.3
)
 
103.0
*
Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from investments
 
3,663.5

 
3,307.3

Purchases of investments
 
(3,632.8
)
 
(3,331.6
)
Investment in marketable software
 
(46.6
)
 
(47.1
)
Capital additions of properties
 
(21.8
)
 
(18.3
)
Capital additions of outsourcing assets
 
(60.1
)
 
(41.4
)
Other
 
(0.8
)
 
(0.8
)*
Net cash used for investing activities
 
(98.6
)
 
(131.9
)*
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
 
445.0

 
213.5

Payments for capped call transactions
 

 
(27.3
)
Issuance costs relating to long-term debt
 
(12.1
)
 
(7.3
)
Payments of long-term debt
 
(98.4
)
 
(2.1
)
Payments of short-term borrowings
 

 
(65.8
)
Other
 
0.2

 
(0.4
)*
Net cash provided by financing activities
 
334.7

 
110.6
*
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
19.1

 
(2.3
)*
Increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash
 
218.9

 
79.4
*
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period
 
401.1

 
396.8
*
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period
 
$
620.0

 
$
476.2
*
See notes to consolidated financial statements
* Amounts were changed to conform to the current-year presentation. See Note 11.

5


UNISYS CORPORATION
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except share and per share amounts)
In the opinion of management, the financial information furnished herein reflects all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows for the interim periods specified. These adjustments consist only of normal recurring accruals except as disclosed herein. Because of seasonal and other factors, results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year.
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions about future events. These estimates and assumptions affect the amounts of assets and liabilities reported, disclosures about contingent assets and liabilities and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses. Such estimates include the valuation of accounts receivable, inventories, outsourcing assets, marketable software, goodwill and other long-lived assets, legal contingencies, indemnifications, assumptions used in the calculation for systems integration projects, income taxes and retirement and other post-employment benefits, among others. These estimates and assumptions are based on management’s best estimates and judgment. Management evaluates its estimates and assumptions on an ongoing basis using historical experience and other factors, including the current economic environment, which management believes to be reasonable under the circumstances. Management adjusts such estimates and assumptions when facts and circumstances dictate. As future events and their effects cannot be determined with precision, actual results could differ significantly from these estimates. Changes in those estimates resulting from continuing changes in the economic environment will be reflected in the financial statements in future periods.
The company’s accounting policies are set forth in detail in Note 1 of the notes to the consolidated financial statements in the company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016 (“2016 Form 10-K”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Such Annual Report also contains a discussion of the company’s critical accounting policies. The company believes that these critical accounting policies affect its more significant estimates and judgments used in the preparation of the company’s consolidated financial statements. There have been no changes in the company’s critical accounting policies from those disclosed in the company’s 2016 Form 10-K.
Note 1 — Earnings Per Share
The following table shows how the loss per share attributable to Unisys Corporation was computed for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 (shares in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Basic earnings (loss) per common share computation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Unisys Corporation
 
$
(41.1
)
 
$
(28.2
)
 
$
(115.8
)
 
$
(46.5
)
Weighted average shares
 
50,471

 
50,082

 
50,388

 
50,052

Basic loss per common share
 
$
(0.81
)
 
$
(0.56
)
 
$
(2.30
)
 
$
(0.93
)
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share computation:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to Unisys Corporation for diluted earnings per share
 
$
(41.1
)
 
$
(28.2
)
 
$
(115.8
)
 
$
(46.5
)
Weighted average shares
 
50,471

 
50,082

 
50,388

 
50,052

Diluted loss per common share
 
$
(0.81
)
 
$
(0.56
)
 
$
(2.30
)
 
$
(0.93
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive weighted-average stock options and restricted stock units(1)
 
2,236

 
2,238

 
2,215

 
3,637

Anti-dilutive weighted-average common shares issuable upon conversion of the 5.50% convertible senior notes(1)
 
21,868

 
21,868

 
21,868

 
15,685

(1)Amounts represent shares excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share, as their effect, if included, would have been anti-dilutive for the periods presented.

6




Note 2 - Cost Reduction Actions
In 2015, in connection with organizational initiatives to create a more competitive cost structure and rebalance the company’s global skill set, the company initiated a restructuring plan which is currently expected to result in estimated charges of approximately $320 to $330 million through 2017. During 2016 and 2015, the company recognized charges in connection with this plan and other costs of $82.1 million and $118.5 million, respectively, principally related to a reduction in employees.
During the three months ended September 30, 2017, the company recognized charges in connection with this plan and other costs of $46.1 million. Charges related to work-force reductions were $49.5 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $2.6 million for 93 employees and $(0.4) million for changes in estimates in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $48.3 million for 1,459 employees and $(1.0) million for changes in estimates outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $(3.4) million comprised of $0.6 million for idle leased facilities costs, $0.1 million for contract amendment and termination costs, $0.9 million for professional fees and other expenses related to the cost reduction effort, $0.7 million for net asset sales and write-offs and $(5.7) million for net foreign currency translation gains related to exiting foreign countries. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue – services, $42.8 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $7.9 million; research and development expenses, $1.1 million; and other income (expense), net, $(5.7) million.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the company recognized charges in connection with this plan and other costs of $99.0 million. Charges related to work-force reductions were $86.2 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $7.9 million for 507 employees and $(0.6) million for changes in estimates in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $72.3 million for 1,835 employees, $8.2 million for additional benefits provided in 2017 and $(1.6) million for changes in estimates outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $12.8 million comprised of $3.5 million for idle leased facilities costs, $5.3 million for contract amendment and termination costs, $3.9 million for professional fees and other expenses related to the cost reduction effort, $0.7 million for net asset sales and write-offs and $(0.6) million for net foreign currency translation gains related to exiting foreign countries. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue – services, $70.4 million; cost of revenue - technology, $0.4 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $27.4 million; research and development expenses, $1.4 million; and other income (expense), net, $(0.6) million.
During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the company recognized charges of $31.9 million in connection with this plan, principally related to a reduction in employees. The charges related to work-force reductions were $26.5 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $0.5 million for 49 employees in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $26.0 million for 329 employees outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $5.4 million for other expenses related to the cost reduction effort. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue - services, $18.0 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $14.2 million; and research and development expenses, $(0.3) million.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the company recognized charges of $69.0 million in connection with this plan, principally related to a reduction in employees. The charges related to work-force reductions were $54.9 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $5.8 million for 293 employees in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $49.1 million for 928 employees outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $14.1 million for other expenses related to the cost reduction effort. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue – services, $34.6 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $33.0 million; and research and development expenses, $1.4 million.

7




Liabilities and expected future payments related to these costs are as follows:
 
 
 
 
Work-Force Reductions
 
Idle Leased Facilities Costs
 
 
Total
 
U.S.
 
International
 
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
36.6

 
$
1.8

 
$
33.4

 
$
1.4

Additional provisions
 
91.9

 
7.9

 
80.5

 
3.5

Payments
 
(28.7
)
 
(3.5
)
 
(23.8
)
 
(1.4
)
Changes in estimates
 
(2.0
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(1.6
)
 
0.2

Translation adjustments
 
6.6

 

 
6.4

 
0.2

Balance at September 30, 2017
 
$
104.4

 
$
5.6

 
$
94.9

 
$
3.9

Expected future utilization on balance at September 30, 2017:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2017 remaining three months
 
$
30.1

 
$
3.5

 
$
25.9

 
$
0.7

Beyond 2017
 
$
74.3

 
$
2.1

 
$
69.0

 
$
3.2

Note 3 - Pension and Postretirement Benefits
Net periodic pension expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 is presented below:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2017
 
Three Months Ended
September 30, 2016
 
 
Total
 
U.S.
Plans
 
International
Plans
 
Total
 
U.S.
Plans
 
International
Plans
Service cost
 
$
1.0

 
$

 
$
1.0

 
$
1.8

 
$

 
$
1.8

Interest cost
 
71.4

 
52.8

 
18.6

 
79.3

 
57.7

 
21.6

Expected return on plan assets
 
(91.2
)
 
(58.8
)
 
(32.4
)
 
(97.2
)
 
(63.2
)
 
(34.0
)
Amortization of prior service benefit
 
(1.1
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.5
)
 
(1.4
)
 
(0.6
)
 
(0.8
)
Recognized net actuarial loss
 
43.5

 
31.6

 
11.9

 
38.7

 
29.0

 
9.7

Net periodic pension expense (benefit)
 
$
23.6

 
$
25.0

 
$
(1.4
)
 
$
21.2

 
$
22.9

 
$
(1.7
)
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2017
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2016
 
 
Total
 
U.S.
Plans
 
International
Plans
 
Total
 
U.S.
Plans
 
International
Plans
Service cost
 
$
4.2

 
$

 
$
4.2

 
$
5.7

 
$

 
$
5.7

Interest cost
 
212.2

 
158.5

 
53.7

 
241.2

 
173.4

 
67.8

Expected return on plan assets
 
(270.7
)
 
(176.4
)
 
(94.3
)
 
(296.6
)
 
(189.8
)
 
(106.8
)
Amortization of prior service benefit
 
(3.6
)
 
(1.9
)
 
(1.7
)
 
(4.2
)
 
(1.9
)
 
(2.3
)
Recognized net actuarial loss
 
132.5

 
94.8

 
37.7

 
116.9

 
87.0

 
29.9

Curtailment gain
 
(5.2
)
 

 
(5.2
)
 

 

 

Net periodic pension expense (benefit)
 
$
69.4

 
$
75.0

 
$
(5.6
)
 
$
63.0

 
$
68.7

 
$
(5.7
)
In 2017, the company expects to make cash contributions of approximately $137.5 million to its worldwide defined benefit pension plans, which are comprised of $54.4 million for the company’s U.S. qualified defined benefit pension plan and $83.1 million primarily for the company’s non-U.S. defined benefit pension plans. In 2016, the company made cash contributions of $132.5 million to its worldwide defined benefit pension plans. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the company made cash contributions of $110.8 million and $104.0 million, respectively.

8


Net periodic postretirement benefit expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 is presented below:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Service cost
 
$
0.2

 
$
0.1

 
$
0.4

 
$
0.3

Interest cost
 
1.4

 
1.6

 
4.4

 
4.8

Expected return on assets
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.3
)
 
(0.3
)
Recognized net actuarial loss
 
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.9

 
0.9

Amortization of prior service benefit
 
(0.1
)
 

 
(0.3
)
 

Net periodic postretirement benefit expense
 
$
1.7

 
$
1.9

 
$
5.1

 
$
5.7

The company expects to make cash contributions of approximately $13 million to its postretirement benefit plan in 2017 compared to $13.6 million in 2016. For the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the company made cash contributions of $8.4 million and $9.1 million, respectively.
Note 4 - Fair Value Measurements
Due to its foreign operations, the company is exposed to the effects of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations on the U.S. dollar, principally related to intercompany account balances. The company uses derivative financial instruments to reduce its exposure to market risks from changes in foreign currency exchange rates on such balances. The company enters into foreign exchange forward contracts, generally having maturities of three months or less, which have not been designated as hedging instruments. At September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the notional amount of these contracts was $449.2 million and $428.9 million, respectively. The fair value of these forward contracts is based on quoted prices for similar but not identical financial instruments; as such, the inputs are considered Level 2 inputs.
The following table summarizes the fair value of the company’s foreign exchange forward contracts as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.
 
 
Fair Value as of
Balance Sheet Location
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
 
$
0.7

 
$
2.4

Other accrued liabilities
 
$
3.5

 
$
1.9

The following table summarizes the location and amount of gains and losses recognized on foreign exchange forward contracts for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016.
 
Amount of Gain (Loss) Recognized
 
Three months ended September 30,
 
Nine months ended September 30,
Statement of Income Location
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Other income (expense), net
$
5.8

 
$
(5.7
)
 
$
27.3

 
$
(19.8
)

9




Financial assets with carrying values approximating fair value include cash and cash equivalents and accounts receivable. Financial liabilities with carrying values approximating fair value include accounts payable and other accrued liabilities. The carrying amounts of these financial assets and liabilities approximate fair value due to their short maturities. Such financial instruments are not included in the following table that provides information about the estimated fair values of other financial instruments that are not measured at fair value in the consolidated balance sheets as of September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016.
 
September 30, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying Amount
 
Fair Value
Long-term debt:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10.75% senior secured notes due 2022(a)
$
429.0

 
$
487.3

 
$

 
$

5.50% convertible senior notes due 2021
$
184.4

 
$
243.7

 
$
179.1

 
$
379.8

6.25% senior notes(b)
$

 
$

 
$
94.7

 
$
97.8

(a) Issued in April 2017
(b) Retired in April 2017
Long-term debt is carried at amortized cost and its estimated fair value is based on market prices classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.
Note 5 - Stock Options
Under stockholder approved stock-based plans, stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock and restricted stock units may be granted to officers, directors and other key employees. At September 30, 2017, 3.1 million shares of unissued common stock of the company were available for granting under these plans.
There were no grants of stock option awards during the nine months ended September 30, 2017.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the fair value of stock option awards was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions and weighted-average fair values:
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2016
Weighted-average fair value of grant
 
$
4.53

Risk-free interest rate
 
1.29
%
Expected volatility
 
51.30
%
Expected life of options in years
 
4.90

Expected dividend yield
 

Restricted stock unit awards may contain time-based units, performance-based units or a combination of both. Each performance-based unit will vest into zero to two shares depending on the degree to which the performance goals are met. Compensation expense resulting from these awards is recognized as expense ratably for each installment from the date of grant until the date the restrictions lapse, and is based on the fair market value at the date of grant and the probability of achievement of the specific performance-related goals.
The company records all share-based expense in selling, general and administrative expense.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016, the company recorded $8.6 million and $7.7 million of share-based compensation expense, respectively, which was comprised of $7.8 million and $6.1 million of restricted stock unit expense and $0.8 million and $1.6 million of stock option expense, respectively.

10




A summary of stock option activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 follows (shares in thousands):
 
Options
 
Shares
 
Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
 
Weighted-
Average
Remaining
Contractual
Term (years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic
Value
Outstanding at December 31, 2016
 
2,099

 
$
25.41

 
 
 
 
Granted
 

 

 
 
 
 
Exercised
 
(1
)
 
10.65

 
 
 
 
Forfeited and expired
 
(320
)
 
20.22

 
 
 
 
Outstanding at September 30, 2017
 
1,778

 
26.35

 
1.81
 
$

Expected to vest at September 30, 2017
 
204

 
22.93

 
3.70
 

Exercisable at September 30, 2017
 
1,571

 
26.80

 
1.56
 

The aggregate intrinsic value represents the total pretax value of the difference between the company’s closing stock price on the last trading day of the period and the exercise price of the options, multiplied by the number of in-the-money stock options that would have been received by the option holders had all option holders exercised their options on September 30, 2017. The intrinsic value of the company’s stock options changes based on the closing price of the company’s stock. The total intrinsic value of options exercised for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was immaterial, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was zero. As of September 30, 2017, $0.4 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to stock options is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of one year.
A summary of restricted stock unit activity for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 follows (shares in thousands):
 
 
 
Restricted
Stock
Units
 
Weighted-
Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Outstanding at December 31, 2016
 
1,454

 
$
12.68

Granted
 
1,022

 
13.95

Vested
 
(549
)
 
13.28

Forfeited and expired
 
(216
)
 
11.73

Outstanding at September 30, 2017
 
1,711

 
13.44

The fair value of restricted stock units is determined based on the trading price of the company’s common shares on the date of grant. The aggregate weighted-average grant-date fair value of restricted stock units granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 was $14.3 million and $12.6 million, respectively. As of September 30, 2017, there was $12.4 million of total unrecognized compensation cost related to outstanding restricted stock units granted under the company’s plans. That cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 2.1 years. The aggregate weighted-average grant-date fair value of restricted stock units vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 was $7.3 million and $3.5 million, respectively.

Common stock issued upon exercise of stock options or upon lapse of restrictions on restricted stock units are newly issued shares. Cash received from the exercise of stock options for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was immaterial, and for the nine months ended September 30, 2016 was zero. In light of its tax position, the company is currently not recognizing any tax benefits from the exercise of stock options or upon issuance of stock upon lapse of restrictions on restricted stock units. Tax benefits resulting from tax deductions in excess of the compensation costs recognized are classified as operating cash flows.

11




Note 6 - Segment Information
The company has two business segments: Services and Technology. Revenue classifications within the Services segment are as follows:
 
Cloud & infrastructure services. This represents revenue from helping clients apply cloud and as-a-service delivery models to capitalize on business opportunities, make their end users more productive and manage and secure their IT infrastructure and operations more economically.

Application services. This represents revenue from helping clients transform their business processes by providing advanced solutions for select industries, developing and managing new leading-edge applications, providing digital transformation services, offering advanced data analytics and modernizing existing enterprise applications.

Business process outsourcing services. This represents revenue from the management of critical processes and functions for clients in target industries, helping them improve performance and reduce costs.
The accounting policies of each business segment are the same as those followed by the company as a whole. Intersegment sales and transfers are priced as if the sales or transfers were to third parties. Accordingly, the Technology segment recognizes intersegment revenue and manufacturing profit on hardware and software shipments to customers under Services contracts. The Services segment, in turn, recognizes customer revenue and marketing profits on such shipments of company hardware and software to customers. The Services segment also includes the sale of hardware and software products sourced from third parties that are sold to customers through the company’s Services channels. In the company’s consolidated statements of income, the manufacturing costs of products sourced from the Technology segment and sold to Services customers are reported in cost of revenue for Services.
Also included in the Technology segment’s sales and operating profit are sales of hardware and software sold to the Services segment for internal use in Services engagements. The amount of such profit included in operating income of the Technology segment for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was immaterial, and for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was $0.1 million. The amount for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 was $1.0 million and $0.6 million, respectively. The sales and profit on these transactions are eliminated in Corporate.
The company evaluates business segment performance based on operating income exclusive of pension income or expense, restructuring charges and unusual and nonrecurring items, which are included in Corporate. All other corporate and centrally incurred costs are allocated to the business segments based principally on revenue, employees, square footage or usage.
A summary of the company’s operations by business segment for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 is presented below:
 
 
 
Total
 
Corporate
 
Services
 
Technology
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer revenue
 
$
666.3

 
$

 
$
575.5

 
$
90.8

Intersegment
 

 
(4.4
)
 

 
4.4

Total revenue
 
$
666.3

 
$
(4.4
)
 
$
575.5

 
$
95.2

Operating income (loss)
 
$
(27.0
)
 
$
(75.3
)
 
$
18.7

 
$
29.6

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer revenue
 
$
683.3

 
$

 
$
600.9

 
$
82.4

Intersegment
 

 
(5.8
)
 

 
5.8

Total revenue
 
$
683.3

 
$
(5.8
)
 
$
600.9

 
$
88.2

Operating income (loss)
 
$
(9.8
)
 
$
(53.9
)
 
$
15.5

 
$
28.6



12




 
 
Total
 
Corporate
 
Services
 
Technology
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer revenue
 
$
1,997.0

 
$

 
$
1,735.6

 
$
261.4

Intersegment
 

 
(15.1
)
 

 
15.1

Total revenue
 
$
1,997.0

 
$
(15.1
)
 
$
1,735.6

 
$
276.5

Operating income (loss)
 
$
(54.5
)
 
$
(168.1
)
 
$
36.6

 
$
77.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer revenue
 
$
2,099.0

 
$

 
$
1,809.8

 
$
289.2

Intersegment
 

 
(17.3
)
 

 
17.3

Total revenue
 
$
2,099.0

 
$
(17.3
)
 
$
1,809.8

 
$
306.5

Operating income (loss)
 
$
12.1

 
$
(130.3
)
 
$
32.2

 
$
110.2


Presented below is a reconciliation of total business segment operating income to consolidated loss before income taxes:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Total segment operating income
 
$
48.3

 
$
44.1

 
$
113.6

 
$
142.4

Interest expense
 
(16.4
)
 
(7.7
)
 
(36.4
)
 
(19.9
)
Other income (expense), net
 
3.0

 
2.3

 
(8.6
)
 
3.7

Cost reduction charges(a)
 
(51.8
)
 
(31.9
)
 
(99.6
)
 
(69.0
)
Corporate and eliminations
 
(23.5
)
 
(22.0
)
 
(68.5
)
 
(61.3
)
Total loss before income taxes
 
$
(40.4
)
 
$
(15.2
)
 
$
(99.5
)
 
$
(4.1
)
(a)
The three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 excludes $5.7 million and $0.6 million, respectively, for net foreign currency translation gains related to exiting foreign countries which are reported in Other income (expense), net in the consolidated statements of income.
Customer revenue by classes of similar products or services, by segment, is presented below:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Services
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cloud & infrastructure services
 
$
321.2

 
$
341.9

 
$
983.4

 
$
1,017.8

Application services
 
206.4

 
210.4

 
604.3

 
641.4

Business process outsourcing services
 
47.9

 
48.6

 
147.9

 
150.6

 
 
575.5

 
600.9

 
1,735.6

 
1,809.8

Technology
 
90.8

 
82.4

 
261.4

 
289.2

Total
 
$
666.3

 
$
683.3

 
$
1,997.0

 
$
2,099.0

Geographic information about the company’s revenue, which is principally based on location of the selling organization, is presented below:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
United States
 
$
313.2

 
$
327.1

 
$
955.5

 
$
1,006.4

United Kingdom
 
65.8

 
72.3

 
211.3

 
263.6

Other foreign
 
287.3

 
283.9

 
830.2

 
829.0

Total
 
$
666.3

 
$
683.3

 
$
1,997.0

 
$
2,099.0


13




Note 7 - Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income
Accumulated other comprehensive loss as of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2017 is as follows:
 
 
 
Total
 
Translation
Adjustments
 
Postretirement
Plans
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
(4,152.8
)
 
$
(927.1
)
 
$
(3,225.7
)
Other comprehensive income before reclassifications
 
(2.5
)
 
91.8

 
(94.3
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income
 
119.0

 
0.6

 
118.4

Current period other comprehensive income
 
116.5

 
92.4

 
24.1

Balance at September 30, 2017
 
$
(4,036.3
)
 
$
(834.7
)
 
$
(3,201.6
)

Amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Translation Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjustment for substantial completion of liquidation of foreign subsidiaries(a)
 
$
5.7

 
$

 
$
0.6

 
$

Postretirement Plans:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Amortization of prior service cost(b)
 
(1.3
)
 
(1.4
)
 
(4.1
)
 
(4.2
)
Amortization of actuarial losses(b)
 
43.1

 
38.6

 
131.3

 
116.6

Curtailment gain(b)
 

 

 
(5.2
)
 

Total before tax
 
47.5

 
37.2

 
122.6

 
112.4

Income tax benefit
 
(1.4
)
 
(1.1
)
 
(3.6
)
 
(4.0
)
Total reclassification for the period
 
$
46.1

 
$
36.1

 
$
119.0

 
$
108.4

(a)
Reported in Other income (expense), net in the consolidated statements of income
(b)
These items are included in net periodic postretirement cost (see Note 3).
Noncontrolling interests as of December 31, 2016 and September 30, 2017 are as follows:
 
Noncontrolling
Interests
Balance at December 31, 2016
$
(16.4
)
Net income (loss)
(5.3
)
Translation adjustments
6.9

Postretirement plans
(6.9
)
Balance at September 30, 2017
$
(21.7
)

14




Note 8 - Supplemental Cash Flow Information
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2017
 
2016
Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Income taxes, net of refunds
$
36.0

 
$
33.4

Interest
$
16.4

 
$
19.3

The following table provides a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the consolidated statements of cash flows.
 
September 30,
2017
 
December 31, 2016
Cash and cash equivalents
$
598.7

 
$
370.6

Restricted cash
21.3

 
30.5

Total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash shown in the consolidated statements of cash flows
$
620.0

 
$
401.1


Restricted cash consists of cash the company is contractually obligated to maintain in accordance with the terms of its U.K. business process outsourcing joint venture agreement, cash required to be held on deposit in accordance with other contractual agreements and other cash that is restricted from withdrawal.
Note 9 - Commitments and Contingencies
There are various lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings that have been brought or asserted against the company, which arise in the ordinary course of business, including actions with respect to commercial and government contracts, labor and employment, employee benefits, environmental matters, intellectual property and non-income tax matters. The company records a provision for these matters when it is both probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Any provisions are reviewed at least quarterly and are adjusted to reflect the impact and status of settlements, rulings, advice of counsel and other information and events pertinent to a particular matter.
The company believes that it has valid defenses with respect to legal matters pending against it. Based on its experience, the company also believes that the damage amounts claimed in the lawsuits disclosed below are not a meaningful indicator of the company’s potential liability. Litigation is inherently unpredictable, however, and it is possible that the company’s results of operations or cash flow could be materially affected in any particular period by the resolution of one or more of the legal matters pending against it.
In April 2007, the Ministry of Justice of Belgium sued Unisys Belgium SA-NV, a Unisys subsidiary (Unisys Belgium), in the Court of First Instance of Brussels. The Belgian government had engaged the company to design and develop software for a computerized system to be used to manage the Belgian court system. The Belgian State terminated the contract and in its lawsuit has alleged that the termination was justified because Unisys Belgium failed to deliver satisfactory software in a timely manner. It claims damages of approximately €28 million. Unisys Belgium filed its defense and counterclaim in April 2008, in the amount of approximately €18.5 million. The company believes it has valid defenses to the claims and contends that the Belgian State’s termination of the contract was unjustified.
The company’s Brazilian operations, along with those of many other companies doing business in Brazil, are involved in various litigation matters, including numerous governmental assessments related to indirect and other taxes, as well
as disputes associated with former employees and contract labor. The tax-related matters pertain to value added taxes, customs, duties, sales and other non-income related tax exposures. The labor-related matters include claims related to compensation matters. The company believes that appropriate accruals have been established for such matters based on information currently available. At September 30, 2017, excluding those matters that have been assessed by management as being remote as to the likelihood of ultimately resulting in a loss, the amount related to unreserved tax-related matters, inclusive of any related interest, is estimated to be up to approximately $138.3 million.

15




On June 26, 2014, the State of Louisiana filed a Petition for Damages against, among other defendants, the company and Molina Information Systems, LLC, in the Parish of East Baton Rouge, 19th Judicial District. The State alleged that between 1989 and 2012 the defendants, each acting successively as the State’s Medicaid fiscal intermediary, utilized an incorrect reimbursement formula for the payment of pharmaceutical claims causing the State to pay excessive amounts for prescription drugs. The State contends overpayments of approximately $68 million for the period January 2002 through July 2011 and is seeking data to identify the claims at issue for the remaining time period. The company believes that it has valid defenses to Louisiana’s claims and is asserting them in the pending litigation.
With respect to the specific legal proceedings and claims described above, except as otherwise noted, either (i) the amount or range of possible losses in excess of amounts accrued, if any, is not reasonably estimable or (ii) the company believes that the amount or range of possible losses in excess of amounts accrued that are estimable would not be material.
Litigation is inherently unpredictable and unfavorable resolutions could occur. Accordingly, it is possible that an adverse outcome from such matters could exceed the amounts accrued in an amount that could be material to the company’s financial condition, results of operations and cash flows in any particular reporting period.
Notwithstanding that the ultimate results of the lawsuits, claims, investigations and proceedings that have been brought or asserted against the company are not currently determinable, the company believes that at September 30, 2017, it has adequate provisions for any such matters.
Note 10 - Income Taxes
Accounting rules governing income taxes require that deferred tax assets and liabilities be recognized using enacted tax rates for the effect of temporary differences between the book and tax bases of recorded assets and liabilities. These rules also require that deferred tax assets be reduced by a valuation allowance if it is more likely than not that some portion or the entire deferred tax asset will not be realized.
The company evaluates the realizability of its deferred tax assets by assessing its valuation allowance and by adjusting the amount of such allowance, if necessary. The factors used to assess the likelihood of realization are the company’s historical profitability, forecast of future taxable income and available tax-planning strategies that could be implemented to realize the net deferred tax assets. The company uses tax-planning strategies to realize or renew net deferred tax assets to avoid the potential loss of future tax benefits.
A full valuation allowance is currently maintained for substantially all U.S. and certain foreign deferred tax assets in excess of deferred tax liabilities. The company will record a tax provision or benefit for those international subsidiaries that do not have a full valuation allowance against their net deferred tax assets. Any profit or loss recorded for the company’s U.S. operations will have no provision or benefit associated with it due to such valuation allowance, except with respect to refundable tax credits and withholding taxes not creditable against future taxable income. As a result, the company’s provision or benefit for taxes may vary significantly depending on the geographic distribution of income.
In the second quarter of 2017, the company elected to receive cash refunds of a portion of its U.S. alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) credit carryforwards in lieu of claiming bonus depreciation as provided by Internal Revenue Code Section 168(k)(4). The decision to make this election resulted in a total tax benefit of $21.1 million in 2017, of which $20.0 million was recorded in the second quarter of 2017. The company received a refund of $9.1 million in October 2017 and expects to receive refunds of approximately $12 million in future periods.
Note 11 - Accounting Standards
Effective January 1, 2017, the company adopted new guidance issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) which simplifies how an entity is required to test goodwill for impairment by eliminating Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Step 2 measures a goodwill impairment loss by comparing the implied fair value of a reporting unit’s goodwill with the carrying amount of that goodwill. Under the amended guidance, an entity will perform its annual or interim goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An impairment charge will be recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value. Adoption of this new guidance had no impact on the company’s consolidated results of operations and financial position.
Effective January 1, 2017, the company adopted new guidance issued by the FASB which allows the recognition of deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer, other than inventory, when the transfer occurs. Historically, recognition of the income tax consequence was not recognized until the asset was sold to an outside party. The new guidance has been applied on

16




a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to accumulated deficit. At January 1, 2017, the adjustment to accumulated deficit was an increase of $4.4 million.
Effective January 1, 2017, the company adopted new guidance which clarifies the treatment of several cash flow categories. In addition, the guidance also clarifies that when cash receipts and cash payments have aspects of more than one class of cash flows and cannot be separated, classification will depend on the predominant source or use. The company previously reported premium payments on and proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies as cash flows from operating activities in the company’s consolidated statement of cash flows. Under the new guidance, these amounts were reclassified to investing activities. The new guidance has been applied on a retrospective basis whereby prior-period financial statements have been adjusted to reflect the application of the new guidance, as required by the FASB. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, $1.5 million was reclassified from “other assets” in operating activities to “other” in investing activities in the company’s consolidated statements of cash flows.
Effective January 1, 2017, the company adopted new guidance that changes certain aspects of accounting for share-based payments to employees. The new guidance requires all income tax effects of awards to be recognized in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled. It also allows an employer to repurchase more of an employee’s shares than it can today for tax withholding purposes without triggering liability accounting and to make a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur. Additionally, the standard requires all tax-related cash flows resulting from share-based payments to be reported as operating activities on the consolidated statement of cash flows, and any cash payments made to taxing authorities on an employee’s behalf as financing activities, which the company previously reported as operating activities. The new guidance has been applied on a retrospective basis whereby prior-period financial statements have been adjusted to reflect the application of the new guidance, as required by the FASB. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, $0.4 million was reclassified from “accounts payable and other accrued liabilities” in operating activities to “other” in financing activities in the company’s consolidated statements of cash flows.
Effective January 1, 2017, the company adopted new guidance issued by the FASB which requires companies to include amounts generally described as restricted cash or restricted cash equivalents with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The new guidance has been applied on retrospective basis whereby prior-period financial statements have been adjusted to reflect the application of the new guidance, as required by the FASB. For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the reclassification in the consolidated statements of cash flows resulted in a $0.2 million decrease to “other assets” in operating activities, a $2.0 million increase in “other” in investing activities, a $0.1 million increase in “effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash,” a $31.6 million increase in “cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period” and a $33.5 million increase in “cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period.”
In March 2017, the FASB issued new guidance on the presentation of net periodic benefit cost in the income statement. The new guidance requires employers to present the service cost component of net periodic benefit cost in the same income statement line item(s) as other employee compensation costs arising from services rendered during the period. Only the service cost component will be eligible for capitalization in assets. The other components of net periodic benefit cost will be presented separately from the line items that include service cost and outside the subtotal of operating income. This update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, which for the company is January 1, 2018. Adoption of this new guidance will result in the reclassification of net periodic benefit cost, other than service costs ($69.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017), from operating income to non-operating income. There will be no overall impact on the company’s consolidated financial position.
In June 2016, the FASB issued new guidance that introduces a new model for recognizing credit losses on financial instruments based on an estimate of current expected losses. This includes trade and other receivables, loans and other financial instruments. This update is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with earlier adoption permitted. The company is currently assessing when it will choose to adopt, and is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption on its consolidated financial statements.
In February 2016, the FASB issued a new lease accounting standard entitled “Leases.” The new standard is intended to improve financial reporting about leasing transactions. The new rule will require organizations that lease assets, referred to as lessees, to recognize on the balance sheet the assets and liabilities for the rights and obligations created by those leases. The standard requires disclosures to help investors and other financial statement users better understand the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. The standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, which for the company is January 1, 2019. Earlier adoption is permitted. The company is currently assessing when it will choose to adopt, and is currently evaluating the impact of the adoption on its consolidated results of operations and financial position.
In 2014, the FASB issued a new revenue recognition standard entitled “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” The objective of the standard is to establish the principles that an entity shall apply to report useful information to users of financial statements about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows from a contract with a customer. The

17




standard, and its various amendments, is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, which for the company is January 1, 2018. The standard allows for either “full retrospective” adoption, meaning the standard is applied to all periods presented, or “modified retrospective” adoption, meaning the standard is applied only to the most current period presented in the financial statements. The new standard would require the company to recognize revenue for certain transactions, including extended payment term software licenses and short-term software licenses, sooner than the current rules would allow and require the company to recognize software license extensions and renewals, later than the current rules would allow. The company will adopt the standard on January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method. The company is currently monitoring the impact the adoption of this new standard will have on its consolidated results of operations and financial position and currently does not believe there will be a material impact upon adoption or on a go-forward basis. However, the final impact cannot be determined until the end of 2017 and it will be impacted by transactions entered into during 2017.
Note 12 - Debt
Long-term debt is comprised of the following:
 
 
September 30,
2017
 
December 31, 2016
10.75% senior secured notes due April 15, 2022 ($440.0 million face value less unamortized discount and fees of $11.0 million at September 30, 2017)
 
$
429.0

 
$

5.50% convertible senior notes due March 1, 2021 ($213.5 million face value less unamortized discount and fees of $29.1 million and $34.4 million at September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively)
 
184.4

 
179.1

6.25% senior notes
 

 
94.7

Capital leases
 
7.8

 
10.1

Other debt
 
21.6

 
16.1

Total
 
642.8

 
300.0

Less – current maturities
 
11.3

 
106.0

Total long-term debt
 
$
631.5

 
$
194.0

Interest expense related to the 5.50% convertible notes due 2021 for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 was as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
Contractual interest coupon
 
$
2.9

 
$
2.9

 
$
8.8

 
$
6.3

Amortization of debt discount
 
1.6

 
1.4

 
4.5

 
2.9

Amortization of debt issuance costs
 
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.9

 
0.7

Total
 
$
4.8

 
$
4.6

 
$
14.2

 
$
9.9

On April 17, 2017, the company issued $440 million aggregate principal amount of 10.75% Senior Secured Notes due 2022 (the “Notes”). The Notes are initially fully and unconditionally guaranteed on a senior secured basis by Unisys Holding Corporation, Unisys AP Investment Company I and Unisys NPL, Inc. (together with the Company, the “Grantors”). In the future, the Notes will be guaranteed by each material domestic subsidiary and each restricted subsidiary that guarantees the secured revolving credit facility and other indebtedness of the company or another subsidiary guarantor. The Notes and the guarantees will rank equally in right of payment with all of the existing and future senior debt of the company and the subsidiary guarantors. The Notes and the guarantees will be structurally subordinated to all existing and future liabilities (including preferred stock, trade payables and pension liabilities) of the company’s subsidiaries that are not subsidiary guarantors.
The Notes will pay interest semiannually on April 15 and October 15, commencing on October 15, 2017, at an annual rate of 10.75%, and will mature on April 15, 2022, unless earlier repurchased or redeemed.

18




The company may, at its option, redeem some or all of the Notes at any time on or after April 15, 2020 at a redemption price determined in accordance with the redemption schedule set forth in the indenture governing the Notes (the “indenture”), plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any.
Prior to April 15, 2020, the company may, at its option, redeem some or all of the Notes at any time, at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes redeemed plus a “make-whole” premium, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. The company may also redeem, at its option, up to 35% of the Notes at any time prior to April 15, 2020, using the proceeds of certain equity offerings at a redemption price of 110.75% of the principal amount thereof, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. In addition, the company may redeem all (but not less than all) of the Notes at any time that the Collateral Coverage Ratio is less than the Required Collateral Coverage Ratio (as such terms are described below and further defined in the indenture) at a price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the Notes plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any.
The indenture contains covenants that limit the ability of the company and its restricted subsidiaries to, among other things: (i) incur additional indebtedness and guarantee indebtedness; (ii) pay dividends or make other distributions or repurchase or redeem its capital stock; (iii) prepay, redeem or repurchase certain debt; (iv) make certain prepayments in respect of pension obligations; (v) issue certain preferred stock or similar equity securities; (vi) make loans and investments (including investments by the company and subsidiary guarantors in subsidiaries that are not guarantors); (vii) sell assets; (viii) create or incur liens; (ix) enter into transactions with affiliates; (x) enter into agreements restricting its subsidiaries’ ability to pay dividends; and (xi) consolidate, merge or sell all or substantially all of its assets. These covenants are subject to several important limitations and exceptions.
The indenture also includes a covenant requiring that the company maintain a Collateral Coverage Ratio of not less than 1.50:1.00 (the “Required Collateral Coverage Ratio”) as of any test date. The Collateral Coverage Ratio is based on the ratio of (A) Grantor unrestricted cash and cash equivalents plus 4.75 multiplied by of the greater of (x) Grantor EBITDA for the most recently ended four fiscal quarters and (y) (i) the average quarterly Grantor EBITDA for the most recently ended seven fiscal quarters, multiplied by (ii) four, to (B) secured indebtedness of the Grantors. The Collateral Coverage Ratio is tested quarterly. If the Collateral Coverage Ratio is less than the Required Collateral Coverage Ratio as of any test date, and the company has not redeemed the Notes within 90 days thereafter, this will be an event of default under the indenture.
If the company experiences certain kinds of changes of control, it must offer to purchase the 2022 Notes at 101% of the principal amount of the Notes, plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any. In addition, if the company sells assets under certain circumstances it must apply the proceeds towards an offer to repurchase the Notes at a price equal to par plus accrued and unpaid interest, if any.
The indenture also provides for events of default, which, if any of them occurs, would permit or require the principal, premium, if any, interest and any other monetary obligations on all the then outstanding Notes to be due and payable immediately.
On May 8, 2017, the company redeemed all of its then outstanding 6.25% senior notes due 2017. As a result of this redemption, the company recognized a charge of $1.5 million in “Other income (expense), net” in the second quarter of 2017, which is comprised of $1.3 million of premium and expenses paid and $0.2 million for the write off of unamortized discount and fees related to the portion of the notes redeemed.
At September 30, 2017, the company’s secured revolving credit facility had no borrowings and $8.1 million of letters of credit outstanding, and availability under the facility was $91.5 million net of letters of credit issued. On October 5, 2017, the company entered into a new revolving credit facility (the “Credit Agreement”) providing for loans and letters of credit up to an aggregate amount of $125.0 million, which replaces the company’s credit agreement that was due to expire in June 2018. The Credit Agreement includes an accordion feature allowing for an increase in the amount of the facility up to $150.0 million. Availability under the credit facility is subject to a borrowing base calculated by reference to the company’s receivables. The Credit Agreement expires October 5, 2022, subject to a springing maturity (i) on the date that is 91 days prior to the maturity date of the company’s convertible notes due 2021 unless, on such date, certain conditions are met; or (ii) on the date that is 60 days prior to the maturity date of the company’s secured notes due 2022 unless, by such date, such secured notes have not been redeemed or refinanced.
The credit facility is guaranteed by Unisys Holding Corporation, Unisys NPL, Inc., Unisys AP Investment Company I and any future material domestic subsidiaries. The facility is secured by the assets of the company and the subsidiary guarantors, other than certain excluded assets, under a security agreement entered into by the company and the subsidiary guarantors in favor of JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as agent for the lenders under the new credit facility.

19




The company is required to maintain a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio if the availability under the credit facility falls below the greater of 10% of the lenders’ commitments under the facility and $15 million.
The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties, including that there has been no material adverse change in the company’s business, properties, operations or financial condition. The Credit Agreement includes limitations on the ability of the company and its subsidiaries to, among other things, incur other debt or liens, dispose of assets and make acquisitions, loans and investments, repurchase its equity, and prepay other debt. Events of default include non-payment, failure to comply with covenants, materially incorrect representations and warranties, change of control and default under other debt aggregating at least $50.0 million.
Note 13 - Goodwill
At September 30, 2017, the amount of goodwill allocated to reporting units with negative net assets was as follows: Business Process Outsourcing Services, $10.9 million.
Changes in the carrying amount of goodwill by segment for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was as follows:
 
 
Total
 
Services
 
Technology
Balance at December 31, 2016
 
$
178.6

 
$
69.9

 
$
108.7

Translation adjustments
 
2.6

 
2.6

 

Balance at September 30, 2017
 
$
181.2

 
$
72.5

 
$
108.7


20




Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
This discussion and analysis of the company’s financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and the related notes included elsewhere in this quarterly report. In this discussion and analysis of the company’s financial condition and results of operations, the company has included information that may constitute “forward-looking” statements, as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements provide current expectations of future events and include any statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Words such as “anticipates,” “believes,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “projects” and similar expressions may identify such forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements rely on assumptions and are subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause the company’s actual results to differ materially from expectations. Factors that could affect future results include, but are not limited to, those discussed under “Risk Factors” in Part I, Item 1A of the company’s 2016 Form 10-K. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which that statement is made. The company assumes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances that occur after the date on which the statement is made.
Overview
In April 2015, in connection with organizational initiatives to create a more competitive cost structure and rebalance the company’s global skill set, the company initiated a restructuring plan which is currently expected to result in estimated charges of approximately $320 to $330 million through 2017. During 2016 and 2015, the company recognized charges in connection with this plan and other costs of $82.1 million and $118.5 million, respectively, principally related to a reduction in employees. During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the company incurred an additional $99.0 million of cost reduction charges and other costs.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the company reported a net loss attributable to Unisys Corporation of $115.8 million, or a loss of $2.30 per diluted share, compared with a net loss of $46.5 million, or a loss of $0.93 per diluted share for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The company’s results of operations in the current period were impacted by lower gross profit margins in the Technology segment driven by lower sales of the company’s enterprise software and servers, higher cost reduction charges, higher interest expense principally caused by the issuance of the senior secured notes and the negative impact of foreign currency fluctuations partially offset by lower income tax expense as described below.
Results of operations
Company results
Three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the three months ended September 30, 2016
During the three months ended September 30, 2017, the company recognized charges in connection with its cost-reduction plan and other costs of $46.1 million. The charges related to work-force reductions were $49.5 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $2.6 million for 93 employees and $(0.4) million for changes in estimates in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $48.3 million for 1,459 employees and $(1.0) million for changes in estimates outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $(3.4) million comprised of $0.6 million for idle leased facility costs, $0.1 million for contract amendment and termination costs, $0.9 million for professional fees and other expenses related to the cost reduction effort, $0.7 million for net asset sales and write-offs and $(5.7) million for net foreign currency translation gains related to exiting foreign countries. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue - services, $42.8 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $7.9 million; research and development expenses, $1.1 million; and other income (expense), net, $(5.7) million.
During the three months ended September 30, 2016, the company recognized charges of $31.9 million in connection with this plan, principally related to a reduction in employees. The charges related to workforce reductions were $26.5 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $0.5 million for 49 employees in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $26.0 million for 329 employees outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $5.4 million for other expenses related to the cost reduction effort. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue - services, $18.0 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $14.2 million; and research and development expenses, $(0.3) million.
Revenue for the quarter ended September 30, 2017 was $666.3 million compared with $683.3 million for the third quarter of 2016, a decrease of 2% from the prior year. Foreign currency fluctuations had a 1 percentage-point positive impact on revenue in the current period compared with the year-ago period.

21




Services revenue decreased 4% and Technology revenue increased 10% in the current quarter compared with the year-ago period. U.S. revenue decreased 4% in the third quarter compared with the year-ago period. International revenue decreased 1% in the current quarter primarily due to a decline in Europe partially offset by increases in Latin America and Asia Pacific. Foreign currency had a 2 percentage-point positive impact on international revenue in the three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the three months ended September 30, 2016.
Total gross profit margin was 12.9% in the three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with 17.8% in the three months ended September 30, 2016. Gross margin was impacted by higher cost reduction charges. Cost reduction charges of $42.8 million were recorded in cost of revenue in the three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with $18.0 million in the three months ended September 30, 2016.
Selling, general and administrative expense in the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $102.3 million (15.4% of revenue) compared with $120.0 million (17.6% of revenue) in the year-ago period. Cost reduction charges of $7.9 million were recorded in the three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with $14.2 million in the three months ended September 30, 2016. Exclusive of these charges, the decline was due to the benefits derived from the cost reduction actions.
Research and development (“R&D”) expenses in the third quarter of 2017 was $10.8 million compared with $11.4 million in the third quarter of 2016.
For the three months ended September 30, 2017, pension expense was $23.6 million compared with pension expense of $21.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016. For the full year 2017, the company expects to recognize pension expense of approximately $92.7 million compared with $82.7 million for the full year of 2016. The company records pension income or expense, as well as other employee-related costs such as payroll taxes and medical insurance costs, in operating income in the following income statement categories: cost of revenue; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development expenses. The amount allocated to each category is principally based on where the salaries of plan participants who are active employees are charged.
For the third quarter of 2017, the company reported an operating loss of $27.0 million compared with an operating loss of $9.8 million in the third quarter of 2016. The current year loss principally reflects higher cost reduction charges.
Interest expense for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $16.4 million compared with $7.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016. The increase was principally caused by the issuance of the senior secured notes due 2022 in the second quarter of 2017. See Note 12 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
Other income (expense), net was income of $3.0 million in the third quarter of 2017 compared with income of $2.3 million in the third quarter of 2016. Included in the current period were $5.7 million of net foreign currency translation gains related to exiting foreign countries in connection with the restructuring plan noted above. In addition, other foreign currency translation losses of $3.5 million were recorded in the third quarter of 2017 compared to foreign currency translation losses of $0.6 million in the third quarter of 2016.
Loss before income taxes for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $40.4 million compared with a loss of $15.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2016.

The provision for income taxes was $12.5 million in the current quarter compared with $9.9 million in the year-ago period. The company evaluates quarterly the realizability of its deferred tax assets by assessing its valuation allowance and by adjusting the amount of such allowance, if necessary. The company records a tax provision or benefit for those international subsidiaries that do not have a full valuation allowance against their net deferred tax assets. Any profit or loss recorded for the company’s U.S. operations will have no provision or benefit associated with it due to the company’s valuation allowance, except with respect to refundable tax credits and withholding taxes not creditable against future taxable income. As a result, the company’s provision or benefit for taxes may vary significantly quarter to quarter depending on the geographic distribution of income.
Net loss attributable to Unisys Corporation for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was $41.1 million, or a loss of $0.81 per diluted share, compared with a net loss of $28.2 million, or loss of $0.56 per diluted share, for the three months ended September 30, 2016.



22





Nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2016
During the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the company recognized charges in connection with its cost-reduction plan and other costs of $99.0 million. The charges related to work-force reductions were $86.2 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $7.9 million for 507 employees and $(0.6) million for changes in estimates in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $72.3 million for 1,835 employees, $8.2 million for additional benefits provided in 2017 and $(1.6) million for changes in estimates outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $12.8 million comprised of $3.5 million for idle leased facilities costs, $5.3 million for contract amendment and termination costs, $3.9 million for professional fees and other expenses related to the cost reduction effort, $0.7 million for net asset sales and write-offs and $(0.6) million for net foreign currency translation gains related to exiting foreign countries. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue - services, $70.4 million; cost of revenue - technology, $0.4 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $27.4 million; research and development expenses, $1.4 million; and other income (expense), net, $(0.6) million.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2016, the company recognized charges of $69.0 million in connection with this plan, principally related to a reduction in employees. The charges related to workforce reductions were $54.9 million, principally related to severance costs, and were comprised of: (a) a charge of $5.8 million for 293 employees in the U.S. and (b) a charge of $49.1 million for 928 employees outside the U.S. In addition, the company recorded charges of $14.1 million for other expenses related to the cost reduction effort. The charges were recorded in the following statement of income classifications: cost of revenue - services, $34.6 million; selling, general and administrative expenses, $33.0 million; and research and development expenses, $1.4 million.
Revenue for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $1,997.0 million compared with $2,099.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, a decline of 5%. Foreign currency fluctuations had an immaterial impact on revenue in the current period compared with the year-ago period.
Services revenue decreased 4% and Technology revenue decreased 10% for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the year-ago period. Current period Technology revenue was primarily impacted by lower sales of the company’s enterprise software and servers. U.S. revenue decreased 5% in the current period compared with the year-ago period. International revenue decreased 5% in the current period primarily due to declines in Europe and Asia Pacific partially offset by an increase in Latin America. Foreign currency had an immaterial impact on international revenue in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
Total gross profit margin was 15.5% in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with 19.0% in the nine months ended September 30, 2016. Gross margin was impacted by lower sales in the Technology segment as well as higher cost reduction charges. Cost reduction charges of $70.8 million were recorded in cost of revenue during the nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with $34.6 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
Selling, general and administrative expense in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $325.6 million (16.3% of revenue) compared with $345.8 million (16.5% of revenue) in the year-ago period. Cost reduction charges of $27.4 million were recorded in the nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with $33.0 million in the nine months ended September 30, 2016. Exclusive of these charges, the decline was due to the benefits derived from the cost reduction actions.
R&D expenses for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 were $37.7 million compared with $40.5 million in the prior-year period.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, pension expense was $69.4 million compared with pension expense of $63.0 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
For the nine months ended September 30, 2017, the company reported an operating loss of $54.5 million compared with operating income of $12.1 million in the prior-year period. The current period principally reflects lower margins in the Technology segment and higher cost reduction charges.
Interest expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $36.4 million compared with $19.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016. The increase was principally caused by the issuance of the senior secured notes due 2022 in the second quarter of 2017. See Note 12 of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

23




Other income (expense), net was expense of $8.6 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with income of $3.7 million in 2016. The current period includes foreign exchange losses of $7.5 million compared with foreign exchange gains of $2.5 million in the prior-year period.
Loss before income taxes for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $99.5 million compared with a loss of $4.1 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
The provision for income taxes was $21.6 million in the current period compared with $34.2 million in the year-ago period. In the second quarter of 2017, the company elected to receive cash refunds of a portion of its U.S. alternative minimum tax (“AMT”) credit carryforwards in lieu of claiming bonus depreciation as provided by Internal Revenue Code Section 168(k)(4). The decision to make this election resulted in a total tax benefit of $21.1 million in 2017, of which $20.0 million was recorded in the second quarter of 2017. The company received a refund of $9.1 million in October 2017 and expects to receive refunds of approximately $12 million in future periods.
Net loss attributable to Unisys Corporation for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 was $115.8 million, or a loss of $2.30 per diluted share, compared with a loss of $46.5 million, or loss of $0.93 per diluted share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2016.
Segment results
The company has two business segments: Services and Technology. Revenue classifications within the Services segment are as follows:
 
Cloud & infrastructure services. This represents revenue from helping clients apply cloud and as-a-service delivery models to capitalize on business opportunities, make their end users more productive and manage and secure their IT infrastructure and operations more economically.

Application services. This represents revenue from helping clients transform their business processes by providing advanced solutions for select industries, developing and managing new leading-edge applications, providing digital transformation services, offering advanced data analytics and modernizing existing enterprise applications.

Business process outsourcing services. This represents revenue from the management of critical processes and functions for clients in target industries, helping them improve performance and reduce costs.
The accounting policies of each business segment are the same as those followed by the company as a whole. Intersegment sales and transfers are priced as if the sales or transfers were to third parties. Accordingly, the Technology segment recognizes intersegment revenue and manufacturing profit on hardware and software shipments to customers under Services contracts. The Services segment, in turn, recognizes customer revenue and marketing profits on such shipments of company hardware and software to customers. The Services segment also includes the sale of hardware and software products sourced from third parties that are sold to customers through the company’s Services channels. In the company’s consolidated statements of income, the manufacturing costs of products sourced from the Technology segment and sold to Services customers are reported in cost of revenue for Services.
Also included in the Technology segment’s sales and operating profit are sales of hardware and software sold to the Services segment for internal use in Services engagements. The amount of such profit included in operating income of the Technology segment for the three months ended September 30, 2017 was immaterial, and for the three months ended September 30, 2016 was $0.1 million. The amount for the nine months ended September 30, 2017 and 2016 was $1.0 million and $0.6 million, respectively. The sales and profit on these transactions are eliminated in Corporate.
The company evaluates business segment performance based on operating income exclusive of pension income or expense, restructuring charges and unusual and nonrecurring items, which are included in Corporate. All other corporate and centrally incurred costs are allocated to the business segments based principally on revenue, employees, square footage or usage.

24





Three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the three months ended September 30, 2016

Information by business segment is presented below:
 
 
 
Total
 
Eliminations
 
Services
 
Technology
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer revenue
 
$
666.3

 
$

 
$
575.5

 
$
90.8

Intersegment
 

 
(4.4
)
 

 
4.4

Total revenue
 
$
666.3

 
$
(4.4
)
 
$
575.5

 
$
95.2

Gross profit percent
 
12.9
 %
 
 
 
16.5
%
 
53.3
%
Operating profit (loss) percent
 
(4.1
)%
 
 
 
3.2
%
 
31.1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Customer revenue
 
$
683.3

 
$

 
$
600.9

 
$
82.4

Intersegment
 

 
(5.8
)
 

 
5.8

Total revenue
 
$
683.3

 
$
(5.8
)
 
$
600.9

 
$
88.2

Gross profit percent
 
17.8
 %
 
 
 
16.7
%
 
59.8
%
Operating profit (loss) percent
 
(1.4
)%
 
 
 
2.6
%
 
32.3
%
Gross profit and operating profit (loss) percent are as a percent of total revenue.
Customer revenue by classes of similar products or services, by segment, is presented below:
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Percent
Change
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
Services
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cloud & infrastructure services
 
$
321.2

 
$
341.9

 
(6.1
)%
Application services
 
206.4

 
210.4

 
(1.9
)%
Business process outsourcing services
 
47.9

 
48.6

 
(1.4
)%
 
 
575.5

 
600.9

 
(4.2
)%
Technology
 
90.8

 
82.4

 
10.2
 %
Total
 
$
666.3

 
$
683.3

 
(2.5
)%
In the Services segment, customer revenue was $575.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2017, down 4.2% from the three months ended September 30, 2016. Foreign currency translation had a 1 percentage-point positive impact on Services revenue in the current quarter compared with the year-ago period.
Revenue from cloud & infrastructure services was $321.2 million in the September 2017 quarter, down 6.1% compared with the September 2016 quarter. Foreign currency fluctuations had a 1 percentage-point positive impact on cloud & infrastructure services revenue in the current period compared with the year-ago period.
Application services revenue decreased 1.9% for the three month period ended September 30, 2017 compared with the three month period ended September 30, 2016. Foreign currency fluctuations had a 1 percentage-point positive impact on application services revenue in the current period compared with the year-ago period.
Business process outsourcing services revenue decreased 1.4% in the current quarter compared with the prior-year quarter. Foreign currency fluctuations had a 1 percentage-point negative impact on business process outsourcing services revenue in the current period compared with the year-ago period.


25




Services gross profit was 16.5% in the third quarter of 2017 compared with 16.7% in the year-ago period. Services operating profit percent was 3.2% in the three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with 2.6% in the three months ended September 30, 2016.
In the Technology segment, customer revenue increased 10.2% to $90.8 million in the current quarter compared with $82.4 million in the year-ago period. Foreign currency translation had an immaterial impact on Technology revenue in the current quarter compared with the year-ago period.
Technology gross profit was 53.3% in the current quarter compared with 59.8% in the year-ago quarter. Technology operating profit percent was 31.1% in the three months ended September 30, 2017 compared with 32.3% in the three months ended September 30, 2016. Current period Technology margins were primarily impacted by higher sales of lower margin third-party products.
Nine months ended September 30, 2017 compared with the nine months ended September 30, 2016

Information by business segment is presented below:
 
 
 
Total
 
Eliminations
 
Services
 
Technology
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Customer revenue
 
$
1,997.0

 
$

 
$
1,735.6

 
$
261.4

Intersegment
 

 
(15.1
)
 

 
15.1

Total revenue
 
$
1,997.0

 
$
(15.1
)
 
$
1,735.6

 
$
276.5

Gross profit percent
 
15.5
 %
 
 
 
16.3
%
 
53.2
%
Operating profit (loss) percent
 
(2.7
)%